Classic Lithuanian Literature Anthology

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Kazys Binkis

(1893 - 1942)


The pseudonyms: K.Alijošius, K. Papilietis, Kazys, Kazys Roviejietis, Nedarbininkas, Neklaipėdietis, Nelatvis, Nepartyvis, Ras Desta, Riza Chanas and others.

    Kazys Binkis was born on November 4, 1893 in the village of Gudeliai in the district of Biržai. He attended the primary school at Papilys (finished it in 1908), studied at the "Saulė" (The Sun) courses for teachers and at Biržai progymnasium. In 1910 he entered school of agriculture in Voronec (near Švenčionys), but for the lack of funds moved to Vilnius in 1913 and began to prepare himself privately for maturity examinations. Since 1909 K.Binkis began to publish scenes in prose and verses in "Viltis" (The Hope), "Vaivorykštė" (The Rainbow), and "Pirmasis baras" (The First Field). In 1915 he graduated from the teachers' courses of the Lithuanian Committee in Vilnius and became a teacher at Papilys. In 1918 K.Binkis was elected a chairman of the Biržai District Council. In 1919 he was appointed a secretary of editorial board of the journal "Liepsna" (The Flame) in Vilnius. In the same year he moved to Kaunas. There he worked at the press bureau, volunteered to the "Geležinis Vilkas" (The Iron Wolf) regiment and participated in concerts. In 1920-1923 he studied, with interruptions, literature and philosophy at Berlin University. At the same time he took part the literary movement "Keturi vėjai" (The Four Winds), being the leader of the budding Lithuanian futurism (1922-1928). He made his living from the literary work. In 1922, together with other authors, he published an almanac "The Prophet of the Four Winds"; in 1924 he organized a journal "Keturi vėjai" (The Four Winds). He arranged the anthologies of Lithuanian folk poetry and songs. He also worked at the Society of Lithuanian Writers, for some years was a member of its board, participated in the edition of "Literatūros naujienos" (The News of Literature) and worked as a journalist. The heritage of K.Binkis's works is not big, but in all fields he achieved significant results. He wrote humorous and satirical poems, rhymed feuilletons, published poetry books for children. He debuted as a play writer in 1938 with a piece "The Undergrowth".
    K. Binkis died on April 27 in 1942.